This report, drafted by the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Article 19, explains the legal or conceptual basis for the specific Principles. It first sets out the basic human rights framework underpinning the rights to privacy, freedom of expression, and freedom of association and then elaborates on the legal underpinning for each of the Principles with reference to the case law and views of a range of international human rights bodies and experts, such as UN special rapporteurs.

This Universal Implementation Guide, drafted by Access Now in consultation with partners, provides detail on how to practically apply the International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance.

“¿Privacidad Digital para Defensores de Derechos Humanos ?,” elaborada por la Fundación Acceso, compara el marco legal de las leyes de vigilancia en El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua, y su conformidad con las normas internacionales de derechos humanos, usando los 13 principios como punto de referencia.

“Is Data Retention Legitimate in Colombia?” is a document drafted by Karisma Foundation that analyzes Colombian regulations on data retention and compares them with those in Peru, Mexico, and Brazil from the point of view of its compliance with international human rights standards.

La investigación, “¿Es legítima la retención de datos en Colombia?”, elaborada por la Fundación Karisma, analiza las normas colombianas sobre retención de datos y las compara con las normas de Perú, México y Brasil desde el punto de vista del cumplimiento de los estándares internacionales de derechos humanos.