National Communication Privacy Laws

Governments are increasingly attempting to access users’ communications data from companies. The Constitution, communication privacy laws, and international human rights law and standards provide a framework that outline when and under which conditions government authorities can lawfully access such data. This section describes the state of communications privacy law in Latin American countries, Spain, and the United States, as well as analyzes these frameworks vis à vis international human rights standards. For more information about international standards, please go to our resources on the 13 Principles.


These reports offer condensed legal information on government lawful access to data in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Spain and the United States. Our latest reports are updated as of March 2020. While the previous reports haven’t been updated, they still include relevant constitutional provisions and legal analysis.


Learn more about all those who contributed to compiling the reports on this page.


Further analysis and information on government lawful access to data and international human rights standards.


Local and regional groups are continuously spotting and assessing key issues on communications privacy laws and related communication privacy practices. Here is a selection of their reports.